A very happy birthday to ROSA PARKS, born on this date in 1913. #BlackHistoryMonth


A very happy birthday to ROSA PARKS, born on this date in 1913.

“I had given up my seat before, but this day, I was especially tired. Tired from my work as a seamstress, and tired from the ache in my heart.”
― Rosa Parks

“you must never be fearful about what you are doing when it is right.”
― Rosa Parks

“People always say that I didn’t give up my seat because I was tired, but that isn’t true. I was not tired physically, or no more tired than I usually was at the end of a working day. I was not old, although some people have an image of me as being old then. I was forty-two. No, the only tired I was, was tired of giving in.”
― Rosa Parks

Source: Today in History – with Frank Amari

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#BlackHistoryMonth- Hiram Rhodes Revels


Hiram Rhodes Revels was the first African American ever elected to the United States Senate. He represented the state of Mississippi from February 1870 to March 1871.

In 1870 Revels was elected by a vote of 81 to 15 in the Mississippi State Senate to finish the term of one of the state’s two seats in the US Senate, which had been left vacant since the Civil War. Previously, it had been held by Albert G. Brown, who withdrew from the US Senate in 1861 when Mississippi seceded.[4]

When Revels arrived in Washington, DC, Southern Democrats opposed seating him in the Senate. For the two days of debate, the Senate galleries were packed with spectators at this historic event.[5] The Democrats based their opposition on the 1857 Dred Scott Decision by the U.S. Supreme Court, which ruled that people of African ancestry were not and could not be citizens. They argued that no black man was a citizen before the 14th Amendment was ratified in 1868, and thus Revels could not satisfy the requirement for nine years’ prior citizenship.[6]

Supporters of Revels made a number of arguments, from the relatively narrow and technical to fundamental arguments about the meaning of the Civil War. Among the narrower arguments was that Revels was of mixed black and white ancestry (an “octoroon”) and that the Dred Scott Decision ought to be read to apply only to those blacks who were of totally African ancestry; supporters also argued that Revels had long been a citizen (and indeed had voted in Ohio) and that he had met the nine-year requirement before the Dred Scott decision changed the rules and held that blacks could not be citizens.[7] The more fundamental arguments Revels supporters made boiled down to this idea: that the Civil War, and the Reconstruction Amendments, had overturned Dred Scott. The meaning of the war, and also of the Amendments, was that the subordination of the black race was no longer part of the American constitutional regime, and that therefore, it would be unconstitutional to bar Revels on the basis of the pre-Civil War Constitution’s racist citizenship rules.[7] One Republican Senator supporting Revels mocked opponents as still fighting the “last battle-field” of the War.[7] On February 25, 1870, Revels, on a strict party-line vote of 48 to 8, with only Republicans voting in favor and only Democrats voting against, became the first African American to be seated in the United States Senate.[6] Everyone in the galleries stood to see him sworn in.[5]

Source: Wikipedia

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Battle For The Net

If you woke up tomorrow, and your internet looked like this, what would you do? Imagine all your favorite websites taking forever to load, while you get annoying notifications from your ISP suggesting you switch to one of their approved “Fast Lane” sites.

Battle For The Net

Think about what we would lose: all the weird, alternative, interesting, and enlightening stuff that makes the Internet so much cooler than mainstream Cable TV. What if the only news sites you could reliably connect to were the ones that had deals with companies like Comcast and Verizon?On September 10th, just a few days before the FCC’s comment deadline, public interest organizations are issuing an open, international call for websites and internet users to unite for an “Internet Slowdown” to show the world what the web would be like if Team Cable gets their way and trashes net neutrality. Net neutrality is hard to explain, so our hope is that this action will help SHOW the world what’s really at stake if we lose the open Internet.If you’ve got a website, blog or tumblr, get the code to join the #InternetSlowdown here: https://battleforthenet.com/sept10thEveryone else, here’s a quick list of things you can do to help spread the word about the slowdown: http://tumblr.fightforthefuture.org/post/96020972118/be-a-part-of-the-great-internet-slowdown Get creative! Don’t let us tell you what to do. See you on the net September 10th!

via Battle For The Net.

#BlackHistoryMonth- John Mercer Langston


John Mercer Langston (1829-1897) American politician. Born on Virginia plantation, son of the master; became lawyer; held wide range of political and educational positions, from city council member to dean of Howard University’s law school. Eventually became first African American elected to public office in United States, as member of U.S. House of Representatives. Active in civil rights organizations, such as the National Equal Rights League and Negro National Labor Union.

John Mercer Langston was the first black man to become a lawyer in Ohio when he passed the Bar in 1854. When he was elected to the post of Town Clerk for Brownhelm, Ohio in 1855 Langston became one of the first African Americans ever elected to public office in America. John Mercer Langston was also the great-uncle of Langston Hughes, famed poet of the Harlem Renaissance.

In the Jim Crow era of the later nineteenth century, Langston was one of only five African Americans elected to Congress from the South before the former Confederate states passed constitutions and electoral rules that essentially eliminated the black vote. After that, no African Americans would be elected from the South until 1973, after the federal Voting Rights Act of 1965 was passed to enforce constitutional rights. In addition, the U.S. Supreme Court struck down the gerrymandered district lines that southern Democratic State legislatures had drawn to keep blacks from voting.


A nation may lose its liberties and be a century in finding it out. Where is the American liberty? … In its far-reaching and broad sweep, slavery has stricken down the freedom of us all. – John Mercer Langston

Sources: Wikipediawww.History.com

Black History Month- Carter G. Woodson


Black History Month began as “Negro History Week,” which was created in 1926 by Carter G. Woodson, a noted African American historian, scholar, educator, and publisher. It became a month-long celebration in 1976. The month of February was chosen to coincide with the birthdays of Frederick Douglass and Abraham Lincoln.

Carter Godwin Woodson (December 19, 1875 – April 3, 1950)[1] was an African-American historian, author, journalist and the founder of the Association for the Study of African American Life and History. Woodson was one of the first scholars to study African-American history. A founder of Journal of Negro History in 1916, Woodson has been cited as the father of black history.[2] In February 1926 he announced the celebration of “Negro History Week”, considered the precursor of Black History Month.[3]

Source: Wikipedia


If a race has no history, if it has no worthwhile tradition, it becomes a negligible factor in the thought of the world, and it stands in danger of being exterminated.

The thought of’ the inferiority of the Negro is drilled into him in almost every class he enters and in almost every book he studies.

Source: www.history.com 

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February, we celebrate Black History Month ‪#‎UniteBlue‬ ‪#‎BlackHistoryMonth‬ @bannerite


“This February, we celebrate Black History Month. It is an opportunity to recognize the invaluable contributions that African Americans have made to our nation. Through innovations in technology, advances in medicine, athletic and artistic achievements, and promoting social justice, just to name a few, African Americans have helped move our nation toward a more perfect union.”

“The understanding and appreciation fostered by Black History Month strengthens our resolve to continue on the path of progress. The Democratic Party will keep fighting to expand the vote and protect the franchise for all Americans, and to push economic policies that put middle class families first. We remain strongly committed to making sure every American has access to quality health care and affordable higher education.”

“Black History Month is our chance to reflect on and express our appreciation for the ways the African American community has helped shape the American Dream. But in equal measure, it is our responsibility to use those lessons to ensure equality of opportunity for future generations.”


Pat Taylor Fuller has a blogspot named Pat’s Commentary